This afternoon I found myself thinking about Hippolytus, and came across a couple of fragments of his on two verses in Matthew. I thought I’d translate them and post them here:
Fragmentum in Matthaeum 6.11
Διὰ τοῦτο ζητεῖν προσετάχθημεν τὸ πρὸς τήρησιν ἐξαρκοῦν τῆς σωματικῆς οὐσίας, οὐ τρυφήν, ἀλλὰ τροφήν, τὸ ἐλλεῖπον ἀναπληροῦσαν τοῦ σώματος, καὶ τὴν ἐκ τοῦ λιμοῦ κωλύουσαν θάνατον· οὐ τραπέζας φλεγμαινούσας καὶ εἰς ἡδονὰς ἐκμαινούσας, οὐδ’ ὅσα σκιρτᾶν τὸ σῶμα κατὰ τῆς ψυχῆς παρασκευάζει, ἀλλ’ „ἄρτον“, καὶ τοῦτον οὐκ εἰς πολὺν ἐτῶν ἀριθμόν, ἀλλὰ τὸν „σήμερον“ ἡμῖν ἀρκοῦντα.
Therefore, seek that we might be prescribed what is needed for the preservation of the bodily, not luxury but food, that which stops short of filling up the body, and which prevents death by starvation. Not tables swollen and driven mad for pleasure, nor things which prepare the body to leap against the soul, but ‘bread’, and this not for a great number of years, but sufficient for us ‘today’.
Fragmentum de distributione talentorum (Matth. 25.24)
Τούτους δὲ καὶ τοὺς ἑτεροδόξους φήσειεν ἄν τις γειτνιᾶν, σφαλλομένους παραπλησίως. καὶ γὰρ κἀκεῖνοι ἤτοι ψιλὸν ἄνθρωπον ὁμολογοῦσι πεφηνέναι τὸν Χριστὸν εἰς τὸν βίον, τῆς θεότητος αὐτοῦ τὸ τάλαντον ἀρνούμενοι· ἤτοι τὸν θεὸν ὁμολογοῦντες, ἀναίνονται πάλιν τὸν ἄνθρωπον, πεφαντασιωκέναι διδάσκοντες τὰς ὄψεις αὐτῶν τῶν θεωμένων, ὡς ἄνθρωπον οὐ φορέσαντα ἄνθρωπον, ἀλλὰ δόκησίν τινα φασματώδη μᾶλλον γεγονέναι, οἷον ὥσπερ Μαρκίων καὶ Οὐαλεντῖνος καὶ οἱ γνωστικοί, τῆς σαρκὸς ἀποδιασπῶντες τὸν λόγον, τὸ ἓν τάλαντον ἀποβάλλονται, τὴν ἐνανθρώπησιν.
Now these heterodox, someone might say, are similar, having erred in like measure. For either they confess a mere person has appeared as the Messiah in this life, but denied the talent of his divinity. Or confessing God, they refuse again the man, teaching that the visions of those who have seen are caused by hallucinations, as though a person was not actually carrying a person, but rather the appearance seemed merely so to them, as a vision. So also do Marcion and Valentinus and the gnostics – who tear away the flesh from the word – reject the one talent, which is the incarnation.